• Aesthetic Qualities:
    Imitationalism - The realistic representation of the subject matter in the art work. This aesthetic quality should imitate life or look life-like.


    Formalism - The simplistic representation of the subject matter in the art work. This aesthetic quality places emphasis on the arrangement of the elements of art using the principles of art.

    Emotionalism - The creation of a mood, feeling or express an emotion in an art work. This aesthetic quality relies on color, value, intensity, texture to help convey it's expressive qualities.

    Principles of Art:
    1. Balance - is a way of adding elements to create stability or equilibrium. The 3 types of balance are:

    • Symmetric Balance - is a formal balance in which the two halves of a work are identical; one half mirrors the other.
    • Asymmetric Balance - is an informal balance and takes into account qualities such as color, value, intensity, shape and size. Bright colors can be balanced with light ones.
    • Radial Balance - occurs when an image is arranged around a central point.

    2. Emphasis (contrast) - is a way of combining elements to stress the differences between those elements.

    3. Harmony - is a way of combing similar elements to accent their similarities.

    4. Variety - is a way of combining elements to to create intricate and complicated relationships.

    5. Gradation - is a way of combining elements and creating a series of gradual changes in those elements.

    6. Movement - is used to create the look or feeling of action and to guide the viewer's eye through a work of

    7. Rhythm (pattern) - is created by the careful placement of repeated elements in a work of art to create a visual tempo or beat. 

    8. Proportion - is concerned with the relationship of certain elements to the whole and each other.

    Elements of Art:
    1. Line - is a continuous mark on a surface by a moving point.

    2. Shape (2D) - is a 2-dimensional area defined by others art elements, such as line, value, color, texture, and space.

    3. Value (non-color) - refers to a change in lightness or darkness of a hue.

    4. Color - is an element made up of 3 distinct qualities: hue, value and intensity.

    • hue - refers to the name of a color, for example: red, yellow, blue, etc.
    • value - refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue. changes in value can be obtained by the addition of white or black.
    • intensity - refers to the brightness or dullness of a hue. A hue that is bright is high in intensity and a hue that is dull is low in intensity.

    5. Texture - refers to the way things feel or look as if they might feel if touched. There are two types of texture.

    • actual - refers to texture that you can feel, rough or smooth.
    • simulated - refers to texture that looks as if it is rough or smooth.

    6. Space - can be the distance or area between, around, above, below and within things.

    7. Form (3D) - refers to an object that has 3- dimensions, height, width, and depth. 

Last Modified on October 30, 2018